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checkMaximize construction and demolition recycling pertinent to daily operations.

All PIM content was independently developed and reviewed to be vendor-, product-, and service provider-neutral.


  • Develop a comprehensive construction and demolition (C&D) recycle program for on-going operations that reduces waste stream costs, diverts materials from the landfill and engages staff and vendors.
  • Project Talking Points

    • Healthcare facilities typically have a construction and demolition (C&D) dumpster on-site at all times to capture waste associated with rennovations, facility upgrades, bulky waste, etc.
    • The C&D waste stream can constitue a significant portion of a hospitals overall waste stream, of which an estimated 90% can be recycled.
    • Waste stream vendors may offer a single stream approach to C&D recycling, where the materials are sorted off-site and recycled. This reduces the number of on-site containers, simplifies education related to C&D segregation and maximizes materials recycled. However, the costs associated with single stream C&D recycling are typically higher than sorting on-site.
    • Partner with construction contractors when developing your C&D recycle program as they are typically knowledagable and supportive of C&D recycle programs.
  • Triple Bottom Line Benefits

    • Cost benefits
      • Construction waste recycling is typically less expensive than landfilling and significant rebates can exist for materials such as cardboard and metals.
    • Environmental benefits
      • Materials are recycled and re-purposed.
    • Health and safety benefits
      • Creating awareness and engaging staff and vendors.
    • Quality and outcomes - Metrics are in development. If you have suggestions, please  contact us or participate in the discussion below.

  • Purchasing Considerations

    If you have suggestions for purchasing considerations, or suggested sample contract language for any product or contracted service, please participate in the discussion below.

  • How-To

    1. Work with construction vendors and/or waste management companies to determine whether or not single stream C&D recycling exists in your geographical market.
    2. Determine construction waste recycler and identify materials that can be recovered and/or recycled during C&D.  Materials can include cement, ceiling tiles, metal, cardboard, carpeting, bricks, plumbing products, wall board, cabinetry, desks, furniture, lighting fixtures, and various other products and materials.
    3. Build recycling specifications into the construction and demolition contracts. Be sure to specify whether materials will be sorted on-site or offsite using a single stream recycling approach and which party (vendor or hospital) covers the costs and receives associated rebates.
    4. Create a comprehensive and integrated plan for the recycling of C&D waste. Ensure hospital-based staff, waste stream vendors and construction contractors agree to adhere to the plan.
    5. Designate a specific area appropriate for either on-site or off-site sorting of materials.
    6. Develop appropriate educational materials, signage, etc. to ensure all involved parties are aware of what’s recyclable and the process.
    7. Develop a monthly vendor reporting process to capture volume of materials landfilled, recycled and repurposed, costs and rebates.
    8. Launch C&D recycle program.
    9. Work with charitable organizations such as Habitat for Humanity to donate appropriate materials.
  • Tools

    If you have an ROI tool, calculator, or similar resources to share, please contact us or participate in the discussion below.

  • Regulations, Codes and Standards, Policies

    • Do not include C&D recycling in your general operations recycling numbers as that will significantly skew the numbers, but ensure tracking mechanisms are established.  
    • ALL LEED projects require C&D recycling.
  • Cross References: LEED

    LEED 2009 For Existing Buildings: Materials & Resources

    • Credit 9: Solid Waste Management: Facility Alterations and Additions

    LEED 2009 for Health Care: Materials & Resources

    • Credit 2: Construction Waste Management 
  • Cross References: GGHC

    GGHC v2.2: Materials & Resources

    • Credit 2.1 & 2.2 Construction Waste Management
  • PIM Synergies

  • Education Resources

    If you have any information or resources to contribute, please contact us or participate in the discussion below.

  • More Resources


  • PIM Descriptors


    Level: Beginner

    Category List:

    • C&D
    • Measurement and Reporting
    • WASTE

    PIM Attributes:

    • Measurement and Reporting
    • Waste Reduction

    Improvement Type:

    • Recycling


    • Engineering/Facilities Management
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